The African tech firm hoping to power space missions

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Mr Lun and his Cape Town-based company, Hypernova Space Technologies, are keen to give these tumbling satellites a little bit more autonomy.

The firm has developed a thruster system that could give even the smallest types of satellites the capacity to move around.

The company is hopeful that their technology could be applied to nanosatellites which are small satellites weighing under 10kg and, even applied to the tiniest of them all, the 10cm cubes known as cubesats.

There are an estimated 3,200 nanosatellites floating around in orbit already, and that number is expected to grow rapidly in the near future: SpaceX alone is in the process of launching a constellation of around 42,000 satellites.

But experts are concerned that this explosion in numbers may lead to problems.

Without manoeuvrability – the capacity to change direction – nanosatellites risk colliding with each other, causing space debris which might cause problems for other missions.

Mobility would also make it much easier to retrieve, or dispose of, satellites once their working life was over.

But as nanosatellites are deliberately designed to be small and cheap, any new thruster technology needs to be simple to be commercially viable.

Around a decade ago, Mr Lun came across an interesting thruster technology that had previously been researched by Nasa but never fully pursued. He found that an electric reaction could be used to vaporise solid metal fuel, a process which then created a jet of fast-moving plasma that could propel a satellite along.

One big advantage to using solid fuels in this way would be that the material would be stable enough to add to a thruster-system prior to launch – removing the need for any last-minute fuelling before sending satellites off into space.

“They don’t have to worry about filling it up, they don’t have to worry about [the material] being toxic, they don’t have to worry about it during launch, something breaking and leaking,” adds Stephen Tillemans, the head of engineering at Hypernova.

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